Tag Archives: gear drive motor

China factory Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission

Product Description

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.
  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Metal
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be used in both mobile and stationary machinery?

Yes, spline shafts can be used in both mobile and stationary machinery. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Mobile Machinery:

Spline shafts find extensive use in various types of mobile machinery. For example:

  • In Automotive Applications: Spline shafts are commonly used in automotive drivetrains, where they transmit torque from the engine to the wheels. They are found in components such as the transmission, differential, and axle shafts.
  • In Construction and Earthmoving Equipment: Spline shafts are utilized in construction machinery, such as excavators, loaders, and bulldozers. They are employed in the powertrain systems to transfer torque and drive the hydraulic pumps or propel the machine.
  • In Agricultural Equipment: Spline shafts are used in agricultural machinery like tractors, combines, and harvesters. They help transfer power from the engine to various driven components, such as the wheels, PTO (power take-off), or hydraulic systems.
  • In Off-Road Vehicles: Spline shafts are present in off-road vehicles, including ATVs (all-terrain vehicles) and military vehicles. They enable power transmission to the wheels or drivetrain components, ensuring mobility and performance in challenging terrains.

2. Stationary Machinery:

Spline shafts are also widely employed in stationary machinery across various industries. Some examples include:

  • In Machine Tools: Spline shafts are used in machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and grinding machines. They provide torque transmission in the spindle or lead screw mechanisms, enabling precision motion control and material removal operations.
  • In Industrial Gearboxes: Spline shafts play a crucial role in industrial gearboxes used in manufacturing and processing plants. They transmit torque between input and output shafts, enabling speed reduction or increase as required by the application.
  • In Power Generation: Spline shafts are utilized in power generation equipment, including turbines and generators. They help transmit torque between the rotating rotor and the stationary components, facilitating energy conversion.
  • In Pump and Compressor Systems: Spline shafts are present in pumps and compressors used in various industries. They transmit torque from the motor or prime mover to the impeller or compressor elements, enabling fluid or gas transfer.

The versatility of spline shafts makes them suitable for a wide range of applications, both mobile and stationary. Their ability to efficiently transmit torque, accommodate misalignment, distribute loads, and provide reliable connections makes them a preferred choice in diverse machinery across industries.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be repaired or maintained when necessary?

Yes, spline shafts can be repaired and maintained when necessary to ensure their continued functionality and performance. Here are some ways spline shafts can be repaired and maintained:

1. Inspection and Assessment:

When an issue is suspected with a spline shaft, the first step is to conduct a thorough inspection. This involves examining the shaft for any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Special attention is given to the spline teeth, which may show signs of wear or deformation. Through inspection and assessment, the extent of the repair or maintenance required can be determined.

2. Spline Tooth Repair:

If the spline teeth are damaged or worn, they can be repaired or replaced. Repair methods may include re-machining the teeth to restore their original profile, filling and reshaping the worn areas using specialized welding techniques, or replacing the damaged section of the spline shaft. The specific repair method depends on the severity of the damage and the material of the spline shaft.

3. Lubrication and Cleaning:

Regular lubrication and cleaning are essential for maintaining spline shafts. Lubricants help reduce friction and wear between the mating surfaces, while cleaning removes contaminants that can affect the spline’s engagement. During maintenance, old lubricants are removed, and fresh lubricants are applied to ensure smooth operation and prevent premature failure.

4. Surface Treatment:

If the spline shaft undergoes wear or corrosion, surface treatment can be applied to restore its condition. This may involve applying coatings or treatments to enhance the hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance of the spline shaft. Surface treatments can improve the longevity and performance of the spline shaft, reducing the need for frequent repairs.

5. Balancing and Alignment:

If a spline shaft is experiencing vibration or misalignment issues, it may require balancing or realignment. Balancing involves redistributing mass along the shaft to minimize vibrations, while alignment ensures proper mating and engagement with other components. Balancing and alignment procedures help optimize the performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

6. Replacement:

In cases where the spline shaft is severely damaged or worn beyond repair, replacement may be necessary. Replacement spline shafts can be sourced from manufacturers or specialized suppliers who can provide shafts that meet the required specifications and tolerances.

It’s important to note that the repair and maintenance of spline shafts should be carried out by qualified professionals with expertise in precision machining and mechanical systems. They have the knowledge and tools to properly assess, repair, or replace spline shafts, ensuring the integrity and functionality of the system in which they are used.

By implementing regular maintenance and timely repairs, spline shafts can be kept in optimal condition, extending their lifespan and maintaining their performance in various mechanical applications.

spline shaft

What are the key components and design features of a spline shaft?

A spline shaft consists of several key components and incorporates specific design features to ensure its functionality and performance. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Shaft Body:

The main component of a spline shaft is the shaft body, which provides the structural integrity and serves as the base for the spline features. The shaft body is typically cylindrical in shape and made from materials such as steel, stainless steel, or other alloyed metals. The material selection depends on factors like the application requirements, torque loads, and environmental conditions.

2. Splines:

The splines are the key design feature of a spline shaft. They are ridges or teeth that are machined onto the surface of the shaft. The splines create the interlocking mechanism with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. The number, size, and shape of the splines can vary depending on the application requirements and design specifications.

3. Spline Profile:

The spline profile refers to the specific shape or geometry of the splines. Common types of spline profiles include involute, straight-sided, and serrated. The spline profile is chosen based on factors such as the torque transmission requirements, load distribution, and the desired engagement characteristics with mating components. The spline profile ensures optimal contact and torque transfer between the spline shaft and the mating component.

4. Spline Fit:

The spline fit refers to the dimensional relationship between the spline shaft and the mating component. It determines the clearance or interference between the splines, ensuring proper engagement and transmission of torque. The spline fit can be categorized into different classes, such as clearance fit, transition fit, or interference fit, based on the desired level of clearance or interference.

5. Surface Finish:

The surface finish of the spline shaft is crucial for its performance. The splines and the shaft body should have a smooth and consistent surface finish to minimize friction, wear, and the risk of stress concentrations. The surface finish can be achieved through machining, grinding, or other surface treatment methods to meet the required specifications.

6. Lubrication:

To ensure smooth operation and reduce wear, lubrication is often employed for spline shafts. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and lubricating properties are applied to the spline interface to minimize friction, dissipate heat, and prevent premature wear or damage to the splines and mating components. Lubrication also helps in maintaining the functionality and prolonging the service life of the spline shaft.

7. Machining Tolerances:

Precision machining is critical for spline shafts to achieve the required dimensional accuracy and ensure proper engagement with mating components. Tight machining tolerances are maintained during the manufacturing process to ensure the spline profile, dimensions, and surface finish meet the specified design requirements. This ensures the interchangeability and compatibility of spline shafts in various applications.

In summary, the key components and design features of a spline shaft include the shaft body, splines, spline profile, spline fit, surface finish, lubrication, and machining tolerances. These elements work together to enable torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution while ensuring the functionality, durability, and performance of the spline shaft.

China factory Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission  China factory Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission
editor by CX 2024-03-26

China OEM Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission

Product Description

 

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, CHINAMFG Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.
4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

 

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a trading company or a factory?
A1: We are a factory

Q2: How long is your delivery time?
A2: Samples are generally 3-7 days; bulk orders are 10-25 days, depending on the quantity and parts requirements.

Q3: Do you provide samples? Is it free or extra?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you based on sample processing. The sample fee can be refunded after placing an order in batches.

Q4: Do you provide design drawings service?
A4: We mainly customize according to the drawings or samples provided by customers. For customers who don’t know much about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing services. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to anyone else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the quality of your products?
A6: We have set up multiple inspection procedures and can provide quality inspection report before delivery. And we can also provide samples for you to test before mass production.
  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Certification: CE, RoHS, GS, ISO9001
Standard: DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
Customized: Customized
Material: Metal
Application: Metal Recycling Machine, Metal Cutting Machine, Metal Straightening Machinery, Metal Spinning Machinery, Metal Processing Machinery Parts, Metal forging Machinery, Metal Engraving Machinery, Metal Drawing Machinery, Metal Coating Machinery, Metal Casting Machinery
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in load capacity and weight?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in load capacity and weight in mechanical systems. Here’s how they accomplish this:

1. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from high-strength materials such as steel or alloy, chosen for their ability to withstand heavy loads and provide durability. The selection of materials takes into account factors such as tensile strength, yield strength, and fatigue resistance to ensure the shaft can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

2. Engineering Design:

Spline shafts are designed with consideration for the anticipated loads and weights they will encounter. The dimensions, profile, and number of splines are determined based on the expected torque requirements and the magnitude of the applied loads. By carefully engineering the design, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight while maintaining structural integrity and reliable performance.

3. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied loads evenly, preventing localized stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight without compromising their performance.

4. Structural Reinforcement:

In applications with higher load capacities or heavier weights, spline shafts may incorporate additional structural features to enhance their strength. This can include thicker spline teeth, larger spline diameters, or reinforced sections along the shaft. By reinforcing critical areas, spline shafts can handle increased loads and weights while maintaining their integrity.

5. Lubrication and Surface Treatment:

Proper lubrication is essential for spline shafts to handle variations in load capacity and weight. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing premature failure. Additionally, surface treatments such as coatings or heat treatments can enhance the hardness and wear resistance of the spline shaft, improving its ability to handle varying loads and weights.

6. Testing and Validation:

Spline shafts undergo rigorous testing and validation to ensure they meet the specified load capacity and weight requirements. This may involve laboratory testing, simulation analysis, or field testing under real-world conditions. By subjecting spline shafts to thorough testing, manufacturers can verify their performance and ensure they can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

Overall, spline shafts are designed and engineered to handle variations in load capacity and weight by utilizing appropriate materials, optimizing the design, distributing loads effectively, incorporating structural reinforcement when necessary, implementing proper lubrication and surface treatments, and conducting thorough testing and validation. These measures enable spline shafts to reliably transmit torque and handle varying loads in diverse mechanical applications.

spline shaft

What are the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems?

Using spline shafts in mechanical systems offers several advantages. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts provide efficient torque transmission between the driving and driven components. The interlocking splines ensure a secure and reliable transfer of rotational force, enabling the transmission of power and motion in mechanical systems.

2. Relative Movement Accommodation:

Spline shafts can accommodate relative movement between the driving and driven components. They allow axial, radial, and angular displacements, compensating for misalignments, thermal expansion, and vibrations. This flexibility helps to maintain proper engagement and minimize stress concentrations.

3. Load Distribution:

The splines on the shaft distribute the transmitted load across the entire engagement surface. This helps to reduce localized stresses and prevents premature wear or failure of the components. The load distribution capability of spline shafts contributes to the overall durability and longevity of the mechanical system.

4. Precise Positioning and Control:

Spline shafts enable precise positioning and control of mechanical components. The splines provide accurate rotational alignment, allowing for precise angular positioning and indexing. This is crucial in applications where precise control and synchronization of movements are required.

5. Interchangeability and Standardization:

Spline shafts are available in standardized designs and dimensions. This enables interchangeability between components and facilitates easier maintenance and replacement. Standardization also simplifies the design and manufacturing processes, reducing costs and lead times.

6. High Power Transmission Capacity:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads. The interlocking splines provide a large contact area, distributing the transmitted torque across multiple teeth. This allows spline shafts to handle higher power transmission requirements, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications.

7. Versatility:

Spline shafts can be designed and manufactured to suit various application requirements. They can be customized in terms of size, shape, number of splines, and spline profile to match the specific needs of a mechanical system. This versatility makes spline shafts adaptable to a wide range of industries and applications.

8. Reduced Slippage and Backlash:

When properly designed and manufactured, spline shafts exhibit minimal slippage and backlash. The tight fit between the splines prevents significant axial or radial movement during torque transmission, resulting in improved efficiency and precision in mechanical systems.

In summary, the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems include efficient torque transmission, accommodation of relative movement, load distribution, precise positioning and control, interchangeability, high power transmission capacity, versatility, and reduced slippage and backlash. These advantages make spline shafts a reliable and effective choice in various applications where power transfer, flexibility, and precise motion control are essential.

China OEM Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission  China OEM Custom CNC Machining Turning Spline Bolt Nut Hollow Threaded Spindle Gear Steel Propeller Drive Shaft of Motorcycle Electric Motor Auto Generator Transmission
editor by CX 2024-03-13

China Best Sales Ustom Precision Engine Stainless Carbon Linear Flexible Spline Motor Axle Gear ATV Gearmotor Drive Parallel Shaft

Product Description

Product Description

 

Name Drive shaft
Material Steel
Shape Non-standard
Surface Grinding and polishing
Production cycle 20-60days
Length Any
Diameter Any
Tolerance ±0.001
Warranty 1 year
Serve OEM&ODM&Design service

 

Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Machinery Manufacture Co., Ltd., located in HangZhou, “China’s ancient copper capital”, is a “national high-tech enterprise”. At the beginning of its establishment, the company adhering to the “to provide clients with high quality products, to provide timely service” concept, adhere to the “everything for the customer, make customer excellent supplier” for the mission.

Certifications

 

Q: Where is your company located ?
A: HangZhou ZheJiang .
Q: How could l get a sample?
A: Before we received the first order, please afford the sample cost and express fee. we will return the sample cost back
to you within your first order.
Q: Sample time?
A: Existing items: within 20-60 days.
Q: Whether you could make our brand on your products?
A: Yes. We can print your Logo on both the products and the packages if you can meet our MOQ.
Q: How to guarantee the quality of your products?
A: 1) stict detection during production. 2) Strict completely inspecion on products before shipment and intact product
packaging ensured.
Q: lf my drawings are safe?
A: Yes ,we can CHINAMFG NDA.
 

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: OEM/ODM/Customized
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: OEM/ODM/Customized
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in load capacity and weight?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in load capacity and weight in mechanical systems. Here’s how they accomplish this:

1. Material Selection:

Spline shafts are typically made from high-strength materials such as steel or alloy, chosen for their ability to withstand heavy loads and provide durability. The selection of materials takes into account factors such as tensile strength, yield strength, and fatigue resistance to ensure the shaft can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

2. Engineering Design:

Spline shafts are designed with consideration for the anticipated loads and weights they will encounter. The dimensions, profile, and number of splines are determined based on the expected torque requirements and the magnitude of the applied loads. By carefully engineering the design, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight while maintaining structural integrity and reliable performance.

3. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied loads evenly, preventing localized stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts can handle variations in load capacity and weight without compromising their performance.

4. Structural Reinforcement:

In applications with higher load capacities or heavier weights, spline shafts may incorporate additional structural features to enhance their strength. This can include thicker spline teeth, larger spline diameters, or reinforced sections along the shaft. By reinforcing critical areas, spline shafts can handle increased loads and weights while maintaining their integrity.

5. Lubrication and Surface Treatment:

Proper lubrication is essential for spline shafts to handle variations in load capacity and weight. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing premature failure. Additionally, surface treatments such as coatings or heat treatments can enhance the hardness and wear resistance of the spline shaft, improving its ability to handle varying loads and weights.

6. Testing and Validation:

Spline shafts undergo rigorous testing and validation to ensure they meet the specified load capacity and weight requirements. This may involve laboratory testing, simulation analysis, or field testing under real-world conditions. By subjecting spline shafts to thorough testing, manufacturers can verify their performance and ensure they can handle variations in load capacity and weight.

Overall, spline shafts are designed and engineered to handle variations in load capacity and weight by utilizing appropriate materials, optimizing the design, distributing loads effectively, incorporating structural reinforcement when necessary, implementing proper lubrication and surface treatments, and conducting thorough testing and validation. These measures enable spline shafts to reliably transmit torque and handle varying loads in diverse mechanical applications.

spline shaft

In which industries are spline shafts typically used?

Spline shafts find applications in a wide range of industries where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are critical. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Automotive Industry:

The automotive industry extensively uses spline shafts in various components and systems. They are found in transmissions, drivelines, steering systems, differentials, and axle assemblies. Spline shafts enable the transmission of torque, accommodate relative movement, and ensure efficient power transfer in vehicles.

2. Aerospace and Defense Industry:

Spline shafts are essential in the aerospace and defense industry. They are used in aircraft landing gear systems, actuation mechanisms, missile guidance systems, engine components, and rotor assemblies. The aerospace and defense sector relies on spline shafts for precise torque transfer, relative movement accommodation, and critical control mechanisms.

3. Industrial Machinery and Equipment:

Spline shafts are widely employed in industrial machinery and equipment. They are used in gearboxes, machine tools, pumps, compressors, conveyors, printing machinery, and packaging equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission, accommodate misalignments and vibrations, and ensure accurate movement and synchronization of machine components.

4. Agriculture and Farming:

The agriculture and farming industry extensively uses spline shafts in equipment such as tractors, harvesters, and agricultural implements. Spline shafts are found in power take-off (PTO) units, transmission systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and steering systems. They enable torque transfer, accommodate relative movement, and provide flexibility in agricultural machinery.

5. Construction and Mining:

In the construction and mining industries, spline shafts are used in equipment such as excavators, loaders, bulldozers, and drilling rigs. They are found in hydraulic systems, power transmission systems, and articulated mechanisms. Spline shafts facilitate torque transmission, accommodate misalignments, and enable efficient power transfer in heavy-duty machinery.

6. Marine and Offshore:

Spline shafts have applications in the marine and offshore industry. They are used in propulsion systems, thrusters, rudders, winches, and marine pumps. Spline shafts enable torque transmission in marine vessels and offshore equipment, accommodating axial and radial movement, and ensuring reliable power transfer.

7. Energy and Power Generation:

Spline shafts are utilized in the energy and power generation sector. They are found in turbines, generators, compressors, and other rotating equipment. Spline shafts enable torque transmission and accommodate relative movement in power generation systems, ensuring efficient and reliable operation.

8. Rail and Transportation:

Spline shafts are employed in the rail and transportation industry. They are found in locomotives, railcar systems, and suspension mechanisms. Spline shafts enable torque transfer, accommodate movement and vibrations, and ensure precise control in rail and transportation applications.

These are just a few examples of the industries where spline shafts are typically used. Their versatility, torque transmission capabilities, and ability to accommodate relative movement make them vital components in various sectors that rely on efficient power transfer, flexibility, and precise control.

China Best Sales Ustom Precision Engine Stainless Carbon Linear Flexible Spline Motor Axle Gear ATV Gearmotor Drive Parallel Shaft  China Best Sales Ustom Precision Engine Stainless Carbon Linear Flexible Spline Motor Axle Gear ATV Gearmotor Drive Parallel Shaft
editor by CX 2023-12-14

China wholesaler Powder Metallurgy Pinion Gear for Motor drive shaft axle

Product Description


Our Products Special Features,

1) Our products passed TS16949 ISO-9001: 2000 quality management system verification
2) Material: Steel, copper, brass, aluminum, Titanium
3) Equipment: CNC lathe, CNC milling machine, CNC high-speed engraving machine, Common machines, laser engraving machines, metal injection machine
4) Precision machining capability:
5) Advanced workmanship, fitting tool, fixture, cutting tool
6) Parts can be supplied according to customers’ drawings or samples.
7) 2D/3D drawings or samples are welcome!
8). Best quality, competitive price, shortest delivery time and good service.

 

Place of origin: ZHangZhoug, China
Brand Name: HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Powder Metallurgy Co.,Ltd
Type: Powder metallurgy sintering
Surface finish e-coating, electroplating and black oxygen
Measuring method 3D system, High-lubrication, high-density and high-strength
Inspection equipment Torsion test, voltage feedback test, HRC density test, lifting test and salt spray resistant test and more
Spare parts type: Powder metallurgy parts
Machinery Test report: Provided
Material: Iron, stainless steel, copper, Alloy
Application: Automotive parts, power tools, stainless steel, bushings, clutches and so many others
Plating: Customized
After-sales Service: Online support
Processing: Powder Metallurgy, CNC Machining
Powder Metallurgy: High frequency quenching, oil immersion
Quality Control: 100% inspection

 

Application: Motor, Motorcycle, Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: Internal Gear
Manufacturing Method: Sintered Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: Sintered Metal
Samples:
US$ 0.5/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

splineshaft

Types of Splines

There are four types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the two components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are three basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The two types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

China wholesaler Powder Metallurgy Pinion Gear for Motor   drive shaft axle	China wholesaler Powder Metallurgy Pinion Gear for Motor   drive shaft axle
editor by CX 2023-11-23

China Stainless steel electric motor sleeve spline coupling for shaft gear drive shaft axle

Applicable Industries: Building Substance Shops, Producing Plant, Machinery Repair Shops, Foods & Beverage Factory, Farms, Retail, Building works , Energy & Mining, Automobiles, Ships, Elevators
Construction: Gear
Versatile or Rigid: Rigid
Normal or Nonstandard: Nonstandard, Nonstandard
Material: Stainless metal
Service: Custom-made OEM CNC Machining
Certification: IATF16949, ISO9001, SGS
Heat Treatment: Quenching Hardening
Floor Therapy: Polishing, Blackened
Coloration: Black
Dimension: Customized Dimension Suitable
Variety: Straight Hole
Tolerance: In accordance to Client’s Specifications
Software: Industrial Gear
Packaging Specifics: 1.Usually Neutral packaging inside of and Wood circumstances for outer packing. 2.In accordance to requirement from customers.
Port: ZheJiang


Xihu (West Lake) Dis.g Higher Precision Personalized Shaft Coupling

Title Shaft Coupling
Brand Xihu (West Lake) Dis.g
Materials Carbon metal, metal, aluminum alloy, forged iron, brass, and so on.
Gap Round hole, D-formed gap, tapered hole, and so on.
Producing Products CNC equipment , automated lathe device,stamping device,CNC milling machine,rolling machine, lasering, tag grinding device and many others.
Machining Process Gear Hobbing, Equipment Milling, Equipment Shaping, Gear Broaching,Gear Shaving, Manufacturing unit Manufacturer RV Collection Worm Gear Box Reducer Substantial Torque Nmrv Worm Reduction Gearbox With Double Output Shaft Equipment Grinding and Equipment Lapping
Testing Equipment Projecting apparatus, Salt Spray Test, Durometer, and Coating thickness tester, Second projector
Specification Standard or Personalized manufactured
Heat remedy Substantial frequency quenching
Floor therapy Oxidized, blackened, galvanized, zinc plated, etc.
Application Extensively utilised in automotive, textile, printing and packaging tools, stitching equipment, workplace products, laser engraving products, tobacco, economic tools, stage lights, conversation food equipment, health-related equipment, steel equipment, petrochemical, instrumentation, different precision equipment resources And other fields.


The Benefits of Our Shaft CouplingShaft coupling refers to a gadget that connects 2 shafts or shafts and a rotating member, which rotates jointly during the transmission of movement and energy, and does not disengage under typical situations. It is also utilised as a protection system to stop the related parts from becoming subjected to extreme masses and to safeguard towards overload.1. Transferability2. Cushioning3. Risk-free, reliable, with ample energy and service life.4. Easy composition, simple to assemble, disassemble and preserve.Solution varietyWe can make customers’ satisfactory merchandise in accordance to the samples or drawings supplied by buyers. For the completion of a item, we also need to have to know his content, warmth treatment needs and surface treatment method requirements. We are a manufacturing facility with forty many years of manufacturing encounter, welcome to check with.

Associated Items

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis.g Machinery Production Co., Ltd. is a specialized provider of a complete range of motor shafts, 100HP 75Kw 7 – 10 Bar Minimal Sounds Water Lubricated Inverter Oil Free Screw Air Compressor gears, Flanges(Couplings), gear racks, sprockets, pulley, machined elements and so on.Thanks to our sincerity in providing ideal support to our customers, understanding of your needs and overriding perception of responsibility toward filling buying demands, we have acquired the have faith in of buyers globally. Possessing accrued precious knowledge in cooperating with overseas consumers, our products are offering well in the American, European, South American and Asian markets.Our items are made by contemporary computerized equipment and tools. Meanwhile, our items are produced in accordance to substantial good quality specifications, and complying with the global sophisticated common criteria.With many years’ expertise in this line, we will be reliable by our advantages in aggressive price, one particular-time shipping and delivery, prompt reaction, on-hand engineering support and good after-revenue companies.Furthermore, we also can layout and make non-normal goods to meet customers’ unique demands. High quality and credit history are the bases that make a corporation alive. We will give ideal solutions and higher high quality goods with all sincerity. If you need to have any details or samples, remember to make contact with us and you will have our quickly reply.

Company Information
FAQ1)Are you buying and selling business or maker?We are factory. 2)How can I customize my products?Attach your drawing with information(area treatment,materials,quantity and special demands and many others.) 3)How prolonged can I get the quotation?We will give you the quotation inside forty eight several hours(considering the time distinction) 4)How prolonged will you produce the areas?Typically it is 5-10 times if the merchandise are in stock. Or it is 15-twenty five days if the items are not in stock, it’s in accordance to quantity. 5)Do you give samples? Is it free or added?Indeed, we could supply the sample, the samples and transport fees want to be borne by the customer. 6)What is your phrases of payment?Payment≤1000 USD, a hundred% in progress. Payment≥1000 USD, thirty% T/T in advance, stability ahead of cargo. If you have any concerns, make sure you do not hesitate to make contact with us. 7)What if the products we received are not great?Contact us without having hesitation, our unique following-sales service will get the responsibility.

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are two common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only six bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, three spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China Stainless steel electric motor sleeve spline coupling for shaft gear     drive shaft axle	China Stainless steel electric motor sleeve spline coupling for shaft gear     drive shaft axle
editor by czh 2023-02-21

China Large size precision machining forged shaft rotor gear shaft motor driving shafts drive shaft coupler

Design Quantity: Custom-made
Item identify: Cast shaft
Materials: Steel
Procedure: Forging+machining+heating Remedy
Heat treatment: Quenching and tempering
Measurement: In accordance to drawing
Machinery Check Report: Provided
Machining Roughness: Max. Ra .4
Machining Tolerance: Max. .01mm
Defect Control: UT, MT, PT, RT
Quality: Higher precision
Packaging Specifics: Regular export seaworthy packing or as necessary.
Port: ZheJiang port,HangZhou port,ZheJiang port

Massive measurement precision machining solid shaft rotor gear shaft motor driving shafts

Principal forging products:
The forging products of BBN metal are largely medium and huge forgings: solid shaft, rotating shaft, spindle, sq. shaft, transmission shaft, crankshaft, straight shaft, China tiny 1.5kw 2.2kw 2hp 3hp Substantial Strain Electric powered immediate Driven Mini Air Compressor 8bar 220V110V flexible shaft, eccentric shaft, solid shaft, hollow shaft, rigid shaft, stepped shaft, camshaft, extended clean shaft, flaw detection shaft, CZPT roller shaft, T-shaped shaft, major shaft, Rapidly shipping SYAL2055 2HP 170LMin 8bar 1050 RPM Piston Air Compressor Diesel Moveable Air Compressor driven shaft, assistance shaft, mechanical shaft, marine shaft, crane locomotive axle, crane shaft, keyway shaft, other shaft forgings and other big forgings.

Generation Potential
Casting BodyweightMax. 200 TForging BodyweightMax. 40 T
Warmth Treatment method14x8x5mRing ForgingMax.φ5m
Machining Precision.01 mmShaft ForgingMax. Size 12m
Testing Products
SpectrographUltrasonic ExaminationMagnetic TestTensile Examination
Penetrating Take a look atImpact TestFuel AnalyzerDimension Examination

Processing sort: drawing processing and buyer customization.Processing capability: within 40t.Procedure kinds: free forging, model forging, die forging and specific forging.Application fields: car, crane, 06A little marine gearbox massive machinery, marine engineering, petrochemical, metallurgical equipment, energy technology and other fields.
Solid shaft photographs

Firm Profile
Metal & Fabrication
Machining Tools
Machining Workshop
With Buyer
Get in touch with Information.Please click here>>>> Get in touch with for much more manufacturing facility charges, shipping and special discounts!

Standard Length Splined Shafts

Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined

There are two common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only six bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined

A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, three spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.

China Large size precision machining forged shaft rotor gear shaft motor driving shafts     drive shaft coupler	China Large size precision machining forged shaft rotor gear shaft motor driving shafts     drive shaft coupler
editor by czh 2023-02-19

China Gear Steel Motor Transmission Helical Gear Shaft with Spline for Machinery Part drive shaft assembly parts

Item Description

Skilled CNC Machining Elements Provider-HangZhou XINGXIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.NG PRECISION Industry CO.,LTD.-Emphasis on & Specialist
 

Material: Aluminum (6061-T6, 6063, 7075-T6,5052) and many others…
Brass/Copper/Bronze etc…
Stainless Metal (201, 302, 303, 304, 316, 420, 430) etc…
Metal (mild steel, Q235, 20#, 45#) etc…
Plastic (Ab muscles, Delrin, PP, PE, Personal computer, Acrylic) and many others…
Procedure: CNC Machining, turning,milling, lathe machining, boring, grinding, drilling etc…
Surface treatment: Very clear/coloration anodized Hard anodized Powder-coatingSand-blasting Painting    
Nickel plating Chrome plating Zinc plating Silver/gold plating 
Black oxide coating, Polishing etc…
Gerenal Tolerance:(+/-mm) CNC Machining: .005
Turning: .005
Grinding(Flatness/in2): .005
ID/OD Grinding: .002
Wire-Reducing: .003
Certification: ISO9001:2008
Experience: 15 years of CNC machining products
Packaging : Regular: carton with plastic bag guarding
For massive amount: pallet or as essential
Lead time : In common:fifteen-30days
Term of Payment: T/T, Paypal, Western Union, L/C, and many others
Minimum Order: Comply with customer’s demand
Delivery way: Convey(DHL,Fedex, UPS,TNT,EMS), By Sea, By air, or as required

 

US $1
/ Piece
|
1 Piece

(Min. Order)

###

Application: Fastener, Auto and Motorcycle Accessory, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, EN, API650, China GB Code, JIS Code, TEMA, ASME
Surface Treatment: Anodizing
Production Type: Mass Production
Machining Method: CNC Machining
Material: Nylon, Steel, Plastic, Brass, Alloy, Copper, Aluminum, Iron

###

Samples:
US$ 10/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

###

Customization:

###

Material: Aluminum (6061-T6, 6063, 7075-T6,5052) etc…
Brass/Copper/Bronze etc…
Stainless Steel (201, 302, 303, 304, 316, 420, 430) etc…
Steel (mild steel, Q235, 20#, 45#) etc…
Plastic (ABS, Delrin, PP, PE, PC, Acrylic) etc…
Process: CNC Machining, turning,milling, lathe machining, boring, grinding, drilling etc…
Surface treatment: Clear/color anodized; Hard anodized; Powder-coating;Sand-blasting; Painting;    
Nickel plating; Chrome plating; Zinc plating; Silver/gold plating; 
Black oxide coating, Polishing etc…
Gerenal Tolerance:(+/-mm) CNC Machining: 0.005
Turning: 0.005
Grinding(Flatness/in2): 0.005
ID/OD Grinding: 0.002
Wire-Cutting: 0.003
Certification: ISO9001:2008
Experience: 15 years of CNC machining products
Packaging : Standard: carton with plastic bag protecting
For large quantity: pallet or as required
Lead time : In general:15-30days
Term of Payment: T/T, Paypal, Western Union, L/C, etc
Minimum Order: Comply with customer’s demand
Delivery way: Express(DHL,Fedex, UPS,TNT,EMS), By Sea, By air, or as required
US $1
/ Piece
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1 Piece

(Min. Order)

###

Application: Fastener, Auto and Motorcycle Accessory, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, EN, API650, China GB Code, JIS Code, TEMA, ASME
Surface Treatment: Anodizing
Production Type: Mass Production
Machining Method: CNC Machining
Material: Nylon, Steel, Plastic, Brass, Alloy, Copper, Aluminum, Iron

###

Samples:
US$ 10/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Request Sample

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Customization:

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Material: Aluminum (6061-T6, 6063, 7075-T6,5052) etc…
Brass/Copper/Bronze etc…
Stainless Steel (201, 302, 303, 304, 316, 420, 430) etc…
Steel (mild steel, Q235, 20#, 45#) etc…
Plastic (ABS, Delrin, PP, PE, PC, Acrylic) etc…
Process: CNC Machining, turning,milling, lathe machining, boring, grinding, drilling etc…
Surface treatment: Clear/color anodized; Hard anodized; Powder-coating;Sand-blasting; Painting;    
Nickel plating; Chrome plating; Zinc plating; Silver/gold plating; 
Black oxide coating, Polishing etc…
Gerenal Tolerance:(+/-mm) CNC Machining: 0.005
Turning: 0.005
Grinding(Flatness/in2): 0.005
ID/OD Grinding: 0.002
Wire-Cutting: 0.003
Certification: ISO9001:2008
Experience: 15 years of CNC machining products
Packaging : Standard: carton with plastic bag protecting
For large quantity: pallet or as required
Lead time : In general:15-30days
Term of Payment: T/T, Paypal, Western Union, L/C, etc
Minimum Order: Comply with customer’s demand
Delivery way: Express(DHL,Fedex, UPS,TNT,EMS), By Sea, By air, or as required

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Gear Steel Motor Transmission Helical Gear Shaft with Spline for Machinery Part     drive shaft assembly parts	China Gear Steel Motor Transmission Helical Gear Shaft with Spline for Machinery Part     drive shaft assembly parts
editor by czh 2023-01-04

China Heat Treatment Spline Worm Gear Stepped Shaft for Vehicle Motor Drive CNC Machining Lathing Milling Grinding High Precision Drive with Factory Price wholesaler

Solution Description

You can kindly uncover the specification specifics below:

HangZhou Mastery Machinery Technological innovation Co., LTD helps manufacturers and manufacturers satisfy their equipment areas by precision production. Higher precision equipment goods like the shaft, worm screw, bushing, couplings, joints……Our merchandise are used extensively in electronic motors, the main shaft of the engine, the transmission shaft in the gearbox, couplers, printers, pumps, drones, and so on. They cater to diverse industries, such as automotive, industrial, power instruments, yard instruments, healthcare, intelligent residence, and so forth.

Mastery caters to the industrial sector by offering high-stage Cardan shafts, pump shafts, and a bushing that come in diverse sizes ranging from diameter 3mm-50mm. Our merchandise are exclusively formulated for transmissions, robots, gearboxes, industrial enthusiasts, and drones, and so forth.

Mastery factory presently has far more than a hundred major production equipment this sort of as CNC lathe, CNC machining heart, CAM Automated Lathe, grinding machine, hobbing equipment, and many others. The production ability can be up to 5-micron mechanical tolerance precision, computerized wiring device processing assortment covering 3mm-50mm diameter bar.

Key Technical specs:

Title Shaft/Motor Shaft/Generate Shaft/Equipment Shaft/Pump Shaft/Worm Screw/Worm Equipment/Bushing/Ring/Joint/Pin
Materials 40Cr/35C/GB45/70Cr/40CrMo
Method Machining/Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Grinding/Sprucing
Measurement 2-400mm(Custom-made)
Diameter φ11(Customized)
Diameter Tolerance .008mm
Roundness .01mm
Roughness Ra0.eight
Straightness .01mm
Hardness HRC20
Duration 57mm(Tailored)
Warmth Remedy Customized
Floor therapy Coating/Ni plating/Zn plating/QPQ/Carbonization/Quenching/Black Treatment/Steaming Therapy/Nitrocarburizing/Carbonitriding

Quality Management:

  • Uncooked Content Quality Manage: Chemical Composition Investigation, Mechanical Overall performance Examination, ROHS, and Mechanical Dimension Verify
  • Production Procedure Top quality Handle: Total-size inspection for the 1st part, Essential measurement approach inspection, SPC procedure checking
  • Lab potential: CMM, OGP, XRF, Roughness meter, Profiler, Automatic optical inspector
  • Top quality technique: ISO9001, IATF 16949, ISO14001
  • Eco-Friendly: ROHS, Reach.

Packaging and Transport:  

Throughout the total approach of our source chain administration, steady on-time supply is crucial and really essential for the good results of our company.

Mastery makes use of many different transport techniques that are detailed below:

For Samples/Tiny Q’ty: By Specific Providers or Air Fright.

For Official Purchase: By Sea or by air according to your prerequisite.

 

Mastery Solutions:

  • One particular-End answer from thought to item/ODM&OEM acceptable
  • Specific analysis and sourcing/buying responsibilities
  • Person provider administration/improvement, on-web site quality check projects
  • Muti-versions/small batch/customization/demo orders are satisfactory
  • Versatility on quantity/Swift samples
  • Forecast and raw material preparation in progress are negotiable
  • Rapid prices and fast responses

Standard Parameters:

If you are hunting for a dependable machinery merchandise spouse, you can depend on Mastery. Operate with us and permit us support you develop your company using our customizable and reasonably priced products.

US $0.01-2.89
/ Piece
|
500 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis

###

Customization:

###

Name Shaft/Motor Shaft/Drive Shaft/Gear Shaft/Pump Shaft/Worm Screw/Worm Gear/Bushing/Ring/Joint/Pin
Material 40Cr/35C/GB45/70Cr/40CrMo
Process Machining/Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Grinding/Polishing
Size 2-400mm(Customized)
Diameter φ11(Customized)
Diameter Tolerance 0.008mm
Roundness 0.01mm
Roughness Ra0.8
Straightness 0.01mm
Hardness HRC20
Length 57mm(Customized)
Heat Treatment Customized
Surface treatment Coating/Ni plating/Zn plating/QPQ/Carbonization/Quenching/Black Treatment/Steaming Treatment/Nitrocarburizing/Carbonitriding
US $0.01-2.89
/ Piece
|
500 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis

###

Customization:

###

Name Shaft/Motor Shaft/Drive Shaft/Gear Shaft/Pump Shaft/Worm Screw/Worm Gear/Bushing/Ring/Joint/Pin
Material 40Cr/35C/GB45/70Cr/40CrMo
Process Machining/Lathing/Milling/Drilling/Grinding/Polishing
Size 2-400mm(Customized)
Diameter φ11(Customized)
Diameter Tolerance 0.008mm
Roundness 0.01mm
Roughness Ra0.8
Straightness 0.01mm
Hardness HRC20
Length 57mm(Customized)
Heat Treatment Customized
Surface treatment Coating/Ni plating/Zn plating/QPQ/Carbonization/Quenching/Black Treatment/Steaming Treatment/Nitrocarburizing/Carbonitriding

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Heat Treatment Spline Worm Gear Stepped Shaft for Vehicle Motor Drive CNC Machining Lathing Milling Grinding High Precision Drive with Factory Price     wholesaler China Heat Treatment Spline Worm Gear Stepped Shaft for Vehicle Motor Drive CNC Machining Lathing Milling Grinding High Precision Drive with Factory Price     wholesaler
editor by czh 2022-12-14