Tag Archives: aluminum shaft

China OEM China High Strength Precision CNC Metal Aluminum Long Straight Spline Split Shaft

Product Description

 

 

Material: Aluminum (6061-T6, 6063, 7075-T6,5052) etc…
Brass/Copper/Bronze etc…
Stainless Steel (302, 303, 304, 316, 420) etc…
Steel (mild steel, Q235, 20#, 45#) etc…
Plastic (ABS, Delrin, PP, PE, PC, Acrylic) etc…

 
Process: CNC Machining, CNC Turning, CNC Milling, CNC Lathe, 
CNC boring, CNC grinding, CNC drilling etc…

 
Surface treatment: Clear/color anodized; Hard anodized; Powder-coating;    
Sand-blasting; Painting;
Nickel plating; Chrome plating; Zinc plating; Silver/golden plating; 
Black oxide coating, Polishing etc…

 
General Tolerance:
(+/-mm)
+/-0.001mm or +/- 0.00004″
Certification: ISO9001:2008, TS-16949
 
Experience: 15years of CNC machining products 
3years of automation machine manufacturing

 
Lead time : In general:7-15days
Special custom service: making arrangement CHINAMFG customers’ request

 
Minimum Order: Comply with customer’s demand
 
Packaging : Standard: pearl cotton and bubble bag, carton box and seal
For large and big quantity: pallet or as per customers’ requirement

 
Term of Payment: T/T, Paypal, Trade assurance etc…
 
Delivery way: Express(DHL,Fedex, UPS,TNT,EMS), By Sea, By air, or on your requirement
 
Maine equipment:
 
Machining center, CNC, Lathe, Turning machine, Milling machine, Drilling machine, Internal and external grinding machine, Cylindrical grinding machine, Tapping drilling machine, Wire cutting machine etc.
 
Testing facility:
 
Coordinate measuring machine, projector, roughness tester, hardness tester, concentricity tester. Height tester
 
Item Tag:
 
mini cnc milling machine for sale
 

  

1.Q:Are you trading company or manufacturer?
A: We are factory with more then 15years experience
2.Q: How long is your delivery time?
A: Generally it is 15-30days as we are Customized service we confirm with Customer
when place order
3.Q:Do you provide samples? ls it free or extra?
A: Yes we provide samples .for sample charge as per sample condition to decide free
or charged ,usually for not too much time used consumed machining process are free
4.Q:What is your terms of payment?
30% T/T in advance balance before shipment .Or as per discussion
5.Q: Can we know the production process without visiting the factory?
A:We will offer detailed production schedule and send weekly reports with digital
pictures and videos which show the machining progress
6.Q:Available for customized design drawings?
A: YesDWG.DXF.DXW.IGES.STEP. PDF etc
7.Q:Available for customized design drawings?
A: Yes ,we can CHINAMFG the NDA before your send the drawing
8.Q:How do you guarantee the quality?
A:(1) Checking the raw material after they reach our factory——
Incoming quality control(IQC)
(2) Checking the details before the production line operated
(3) Have a full inspection and routing inspection during mass production—
In-process quality control(IPQC)
(4) Checking the goods after they are finished—- Final quality control(FQC)
(5) Checking the goods after they are finished—–Outgoing quality control(QC)
(6)100% inspection and delivery before shipment.

  /* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Flexible Shaft
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT01-IT5
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Stepped Shaft
Samples:
US$ 1/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

How do spline shafts contribute to efficient power transmission?

Spline shafts play a vital role in enabling efficient power transmission in various mechanical systems. Here’s a detailed explanation of how spline shafts contribute to efficient power transmission:

1. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts are designed to transmit torque from one component to another. They provide a positive, non-slip connection that allows for efficient power transfer without slippage or loss of energy. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating a strong mechanical connection for torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

Spline shafts distribute the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. The teeth or grooves on the shaft’s spline profile ensure that the load is shared across multiple contact points. This even load distribution helps prevent localized stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure. Efficient load distribution ensures that power is transmitted smoothly and reliably.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The spline profile design allows for angular or parallel misalignment without compromising the power transmission capability. This misalignment compensation capability is crucial in maintaining efficient power transmission in situations where perfect alignment is challenging or subject to variations.

4. High Torque Capacity:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque levels. The spline profile, engagement length, and material selection are optimized to handle the expected torque requirements. This high torque capacity ensures that the shaft can efficiently transmit power without experiencing excessive deflection or failure under normal operating conditions.

5. Torsional Stiffness:

Spline shafts exhibit high torsional stiffness, which means they resist twisting or torsional deflection when subjected to torque. The shaft’s design, including its diameter, spline profile, and material properties, contributes to its torsional stiffness. High torsional stiffness minimizes power loss due to deformation or flexing of the shaft, allowing for efficient power transmission.

6. Reliable Connection:

Spline shafts provide a reliable and repeatable connection between the driving and driven components. Once properly engaged, the spline shaft maintains its connection, ensuring consistent power transmission over time. This reliability is crucial in maintaining efficiency and preventing power loss or interruptions during operation.

7. Minimal Backlash:

Backlash refers to the slight rotational play or clearance between mating components. Spline shafts, when properly designed and manufactured, can minimize backlash in the power transmission system. Reduced backlash ensures smoother operation, improved accuracy, and efficiency by minimizing power losses associated with reversing or changing direction.

8. Compact Design:

Spline shafts offer a compact and space-efficient solution for power transmission. Their design allows for a relatively small footprint while providing robust torque transmission capabilities. The compact design is particularly advantageous in applications where space is limited, such as automotive drivetrains or compact machinery.

By incorporating spline shafts into mechanical systems, engineers can achieve efficient power transmission, ensuring that power is effectively transferred from the driving source to the driven components. The unique design features of spline shafts enable reliable torque transmission, even load distribution, misalignment compensation, high torque capacity, torsional stiffness, reliable connections, minimal backlash, and compactness.

spline shaft

Can spline shafts be repaired or maintained when necessary?

Yes, spline shafts can be repaired and maintained when necessary to ensure their continued functionality and performance. Here are some ways spline shafts can be repaired and maintained:

1. Inspection and Assessment:

When an issue is suspected with a spline shaft, the first step is to conduct a thorough inspection. This involves examining the shaft for any signs of wear, damage, or misalignment. Special attention is given to the spline teeth, which may show signs of wear or deformation. Through inspection and assessment, the extent of the repair or maintenance required can be determined.

2. Spline Tooth Repair:

If the spline teeth are damaged or worn, they can be repaired or replaced. Repair methods may include re-machining the teeth to restore their original profile, filling and reshaping the worn areas using specialized welding techniques, or replacing the damaged section of the spline shaft. The specific repair method depends on the severity of the damage and the material of the spline shaft.

3. Lubrication and Cleaning:

Regular lubrication and cleaning are essential for maintaining spline shafts. Lubricants help reduce friction and wear between the mating surfaces, while cleaning removes contaminants that can affect the spline’s engagement. During maintenance, old lubricants are removed, and fresh lubricants are applied to ensure smooth operation and prevent premature failure.

4. Surface Treatment:

If the spline shaft undergoes wear or corrosion, surface treatment can be applied to restore its condition. This may involve applying coatings or treatments to enhance the hardness, wear resistance, or corrosion resistance of the spline shaft. Surface treatments can improve the longevity and performance of the spline shaft, reducing the need for frequent repairs.

5. Balancing and Alignment:

If a spline shaft is experiencing vibration or misalignment issues, it may require balancing or realignment. Balancing involves redistributing mass along the shaft to minimize vibrations, while alignment ensures proper mating and engagement with other components. Balancing and alignment procedures help optimize the performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

6. Replacement:

In cases where the spline shaft is severely damaged or worn beyond repair, replacement may be necessary. Replacement spline shafts can be sourced from manufacturers or specialized suppliers who can provide shafts that meet the required specifications and tolerances.

It’s important to note that the repair and maintenance of spline shafts should be carried out by qualified professionals with expertise in precision machining and mechanical systems. They have the knowledge and tools to properly assess, repair, or replace spline shafts, ensuring the integrity and functionality of the system in which they are used.

By implementing regular maintenance and timely repairs, spline shafts can be kept in optimal condition, extending their lifespan and maintaining their performance in various mechanical applications.

spline shaft

How does a spline shaft differ from other types of shafts?

A spline shaft differs from other types of shafts in several ways. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Spline Structure:

A spline shaft features a series of ridges or teeth (splines) that are machined onto its surface. These splines create a precise and controlled interface with mating components, allowing for torque transmission and relative movement. In contrast, other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, do not have the splines and rely on different mechanisms for torque transmission.

2. Torque Transmission and Relative Movement:

Unlike plain shafts or keyed shafts, which transmit torque through a frictional or mechanical connection, spline shafts allow for both torque transmission and relative movement between the shaft and mating components. The splines on the shaft engage with corresponding splines on the mating component, creating an interlock that transfers rotational force while accommodating axial or radial displacement. This feature provides flexibility and is particularly useful in applications where misalignment or relative movement needs to be accommodated.

3. Load Distribution:

One of the advantages of spline shafts is their ability to distribute loads over a larger surface area. The multiple contact points created by the splines help distribute the applied load evenly along the shaft’s length. This load distribution minimizes stress concentrations and reduces the risk of premature wear or failure. In contrast, other types of shafts may rely on a single keyway or frictional contact, which can result in higher stress concentrations and limited load distribution.

4. Design Flexibility:

Spline shafts offer greater design flexibility compared to other types of shafts. The number, size, and shape of the splines can be customized to meet specific design requirements. This allows for optimization of torque transmission, load-bearing capacity, and relative movement characteristics based on the application’s needs. Other types of shafts may have more standardized designs and limited customization options.

5. Application Variability:

Spline shafts find widespread use in various industries and applications where torque transmission, relative movement, and load distribution are crucial. They are commonly employed in gearboxes, power transmission systems, steering mechanisms, and other rotational systems. Other types of shafts, such as plain shafts or keyed shafts, may be more suitable for applications that require simpler torque transmission without the need for relative movement.

6. Installation and Maintenance:

When compared to other types of shafts, spline shafts may require more precise machining and alignment during installation. The mating components must be accurately matched to ensure proper engagement and torque transfer. Additionally, spline shafts may require periodic inspection and maintenance to ensure the integrity of the splines and optimal performance.

In summary, spline shafts differ from other types of shafts due to their spline structure, ability to accommodate relative movement, load distribution capability, design flexibility, application variability, and specific installation and maintenance requirements. These characteristics make spline shafts well-suited for applications that demand precise torque transmission, flexibility, and load distribution.

China OEM China High Strength Precision CNC Metal Aluminum Long Straight Spline Split Shaft  China OEM China High Strength Precision CNC Metal Aluminum Long Straight Spline Split Shaft
editor by CX 2024-04-15

China Professional Long Knurled Grooved Tube Drive Shafts Linear Rod Rail Shaft Aluminum Transmission Axle Hollow Spline Shaft

Product Description

CNC Precision Parts & OEM Parts Business Unit, 1 of our 3 most important business segment.

At the beginning, CNC BU was established for our own automation line spare parts demand, with our own CNC BU, our automation line can have fast and good non-standard spare parts supply, with a very good cost control.

During the last 10+ years, our CNC BU not only fulfilled our own demand, but also successfully supplied millions of non-standard spare parts according to our client’s demand.

Now with a 10+ years experienced team, highly equipped production workshop and test lab, our CNC BU grows to be a full solution precision spares supplier, we are familiar with German DIN standard, US ASTM standard, Japanese JIS standard, we can produce precision with um level in a constant quality base.

We can supply for you:
1. All kinds of Machining: Tuning, Milling, Grinding, Gear toothing, Wire cutting, Profile,  Threads, and so on.
2. All kinds of Metal Materials: Carbon Steel (e.g., C45,42CrMo,16MnCr5), Stainless Steel(e.g., 303, 304, 316), Aluminum Alloy(e.g., AlCuMg2, AlSi10Mg, AlSi8Cu3, AlSi12, AlMg9, ADC12, A360, A380), Brass/Copper(e.g., ZCuZn16Si4, CuZn10, CuSn4, CuNi18Sn20), and so on.
3. All kinds of shape: Hollow Shaft, Profile Shaft, Housing, Flange, and so on.
4. All kinds of heat-treatments
5. All kinds of Coating

For more information, welcome to contact us

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Certification: ISO
Color: Customized
Customized: Customized
Standard: International
Type: Transmission
Material: Stainless Steel
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

spline shaft

What are the different types of spline profiles and their applications?

Spline profiles are used in various applications to transmit torque and motion between mating components. Here’s a detailed explanation of different spline profiles and their applications:

1. Involute Splines:

Involute splines have a trapezoidal tooth profile that allows for smooth engagement and disengagement. They are widely used in power transmission applications, such as automotive gearboxes, where high torque transmission is required. Involute splines provide excellent load distribution and can accommodate misalignment.

2. Straight Sided Splines:

Straight sided splines have straight-sided teeth that provide efficient torque transmission and high torsional stiffness. They are commonly used in applications where precise positioning is required, such as machine tools, robotics, and aerospace systems. Straight sided splines offer accurate motion control and are resistant to misalignment.

3. Serrations:

Serrations are a type of spline profile with multiple teeth in the form of parallel ridges and grooves. They are often used in applications that involve axial or linear motion, such as indexing mechanisms, clamping systems, or power tools. Serrations provide secure locking and positioning capabilities.

4. Helical Splines:

Helical splines have teeth that are helically shaped, similar to helical gears. They offer smooth and gradual tooth engagement, resulting in reduced noise and vibration. Helical splines are commonly used in applications that require high torque transmission and where quiet operation is critical, such as heavy machinery, industrial equipment, and automotive drivetrains.

5. Crowned Splines:

Crowned splines have a modified tooth profile with a slight curvature along the tooth length. This design helps distribute the load evenly across the tooth surfaces, reducing stress concentrations and improving load-carrying capacity. Crowned splines are used in applications where high load capacity and resistance to wear are essential, such as heavy-duty gearboxes, marine propulsion systems, or mining equipment.

6. Ball Splines:

Ball splines incorporate recirculating ball bearings within the spline nut and grooves on the shaft. This design enables linear motion with low friction and high precision. Ball splines are commonly used in applications that require smooth linear motion, such as CNC machines, robotics, or linear actuators.

7. Custom Splines:

In addition to the standard spline profiles mentioned above, custom spline profiles can be designed for specific applications based on unique requirements. Custom splines can be tailored to optimize torque transmission, load distribution, misalignment compensation, or other specific performance parameters.

The choice of spline profile depends on factors such as the magnitude of torque, required accuracy, misalignment tolerance, noise and vibration considerations, and environmental conditions. Engineers and designers carefully select the appropriate spline profile to ensure optimal performance and reliability in the intended application.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts handle variations in environmental conditions?

Spline shafts are designed to handle variations in environmental conditions and maintain their performance and reliability. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Temperature Variations:

Spline shafts are engineered to withstand a wide range of temperature variations. They are constructed from materials that exhibit good thermal stability, such as high-grade steels or alloys. These materials have low coefficients of thermal expansion, minimizing the effects of temperature changes on the shaft’s dimensional stability. Additionally, proper lubrication with temperature-resistant lubricants helps reduce friction and wear in the spline engagement, even under extreme temperature conditions.

2. Moisture and Corrosion Resistance:

Spline shafts can be designed to resist moisture and corrosion, ensuring their performance in humid or corrosive environments. Protective coatings, such as platings or surface treatments, can be applied to the shaft’s surfaces to enhance their resistance to moisture, oxidation, and corrosion. Additionally, selecting materials with inherent corrosion resistance, such as stainless steel or specialized alloys, can further enhance the spline shaft’s ability to handle environmental conditions.

3. Dust and Contaminant Protection:

Spline shafts used in environments with high levels of dust, dirt, or contaminants can be equipped with protective measures. Seals, gaskets, or covers can be employed to prevent the ingress of particles into the spline engagement. These protective measures help maintain the integrity of the spline profile, minimize wear, and ensure smooth operation even in dirty or dusty conditions.

4. Lubrication and Maintenance:

Proper lubrication is essential for the reliable operation of spline shafts, especially in challenging environmental conditions. Lubricants with appropriate viscosity and additives can be selected to provide effective lubrication and protection against wear, friction, and corrosion. Regular maintenance and lubrication intervals should be followed to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

5. Shock and Vibration Resistance:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand shock and vibration encountered in various applications. The spline engagement and shaft design can incorporate features such as tighter tolerances, increased contact area, or damping elements to minimize the effects of shock and vibration. Additionally, proper fastening and mounting techniques help secure the shaft and reduce the risk of loosening or failure due to dynamic loads.

6. Environmental Sealing:

In certain applications where spline shafts are exposed to harsh environmental conditions, such as underwater or in chemical environments, environmental sealing can be employed. Sealing methods such as O-rings, gaskets, or specialized seals provide an additional barrier against external elements, ensuring the integrity and performance of the spline shaft.

7. Compliance with Standards:

Spline shafts used in specific industries or applications may need to comply with industry standards or regulations regarding environmental conditions. Manufacturers can design and test their spline shafts to meet these requirements, ensuring that the shafts can handle the specified environmental conditions and perform reliably.

By incorporating design considerations, appropriate materials, protective coatings, lubrication, and maintenance practices, spline shafts can effectively handle variations in environmental conditions. This enables them to maintain their functionality, performance, and longevity even in challenging operating environments.

spline shaft

What are the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems?

Using spline shafts in mechanical systems offers several advantages. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts provide efficient torque transmission between the driving and driven components. The interlocking splines ensure a secure and reliable transfer of rotational force, enabling the transmission of power and motion in mechanical systems.

2. Relative Movement Accommodation:

Spline shafts can accommodate relative movement between the driving and driven components. They allow axial, radial, and angular displacements, compensating for misalignments, thermal expansion, and vibrations. This flexibility helps to maintain proper engagement and minimize stress concentrations.

3. Load Distribution:

The splines on the shaft distribute the transmitted load across the entire engagement surface. This helps to reduce localized stresses and prevents premature wear or failure of the components. The load distribution capability of spline shafts contributes to the overall durability and longevity of the mechanical system.

4. Precise Positioning and Control:

Spline shafts enable precise positioning and control of mechanical components. The splines provide accurate rotational alignment, allowing for precise angular positioning and indexing. This is crucial in applications where precise control and synchronization of movements are required.

5. Interchangeability and Standardization:

Spline shafts are available in standardized designs and dimensions. This enables interchangeability between components and facilitates easier maintenance and replacement. Standardization also simplifies the design and manufacturing processes, reducing costs and lead times.

6. High Power Transmission Capacity:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads. The interlocking splines provide a large contact area, distributing the transmitted torque across multiple teeth. This allows spline shafts to handle higher power transmission requirements, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications.

7. Versatility:

Spline shafts can be designed and manufactured to suit various application requirements. They can be customized in terms of size, shape, number of splines, and spline profile to match the specific needs of a mechanical system. This versatility makes spline shafts adaptable to a wide range of industries and applications.

8. Reduced Slippage and Backlash:

When properly designed and manufactured, spline shafts exhibit minimal slippage and backlash. The tight fit between the splines prevents significant axial or radial movement during torque transmission, resulting in improved efficiency and precision in mechanical systems.

In summary, the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems include efficient torque transmission, accommodation of relative movement, load distribution, precise positioning and control, interchangeability, high power transmission capacity, versatility, and reduced slippage and backlash. These advantages make spline shafts a reliable and effective choice in various applications where power transfer, flexibility, and precise motion control are essential.

China Professional Long Knurled Grooved Tube Drive Shafts Linear Rod Rail Shaft Aluminum Transmission Axle Hollow Spline Shaft  China Professional Long Knurled Grooved Tube Drive Shafts Linear Rod Rail Shaft Aluminum Transmission Axle Hollow Spline Shaft
editor by CX 2024-04-03

China Custom Precision Long Knurled Grooved Tube Drive Shafts Linear Rod Rail Shaft Aluminum Transmission Axle Hollow Spline Shaft drive shaft coupler

Merchandise Description

 

Fundamental Data. of Our Tailored CNC Machining Components
Quotation In accordance To Your Drawings or Samples. (Dimensions, Materials, Thickness, Processing Content And Necessary Technologies, and so forth.)
Tolerance  +/-.005 – .01mm (Customizable)
Floor Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Resources Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Metal, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, Stomach muscles, POM, PTFE and so on.
Floor Treatment Sprucing, Surface area Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Obvious Anodized, Shade Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, and so on.
Processing Hot/Chilly forging, Heat therapy, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface area Treatment, Laser Chopping, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, and many others.
Testing Tools Coordinate Measuring Device (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Computerized Top Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface area Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray screening machine
Drawing Formats Professional/E, Auto CAD, Reliable Performs , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Benefits one.) 24 hrs on the web service & rapidly estimate and delivery.
two.) 100% good quality inspection (with High quality Inspection Report) ahead of shipping. All our goods are manufactured underneath ISO 9001:2015.
three.) A strong, expert and trustworthy specialized staff with sixteen+ many years of production expertise.
4.) We have steady supply chain companions, like raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging crops, surface treatment method plants, and many others.
five.) We can provide tailored assembly companies for individuals clients who have assembly requirements.

 

Obtainable Materials
Stainless Metal    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, and many others.
Metal    mild metal, Carbon metal, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, twenty#, 45#, and so on.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, and many others.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 and so on.
Aluminum     A380, AL2571, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, and many others.
Iron     A36, forty five#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     Abdominal muscles, Pc, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek and so on.
Others     Various sorts of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, and so forth.

Offered Surface Treatment
Stainless Metal Sharpening, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, and many others.
Metal Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum areas Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Movie, Brushing, Sprucing, and so forth.
Plastic Plating gold(Abs), Portray, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, and so forth.

FAQ:

Q1: Are you a buying and selling company or a manufacturing facility?
A1: We are a manufacturing unit

Q2: How lengthy is your shipping time?
A2: Samples are usually 3-7 times bulk orders are 10-twenty five days, depending on the amount and elements specifications.

Q3: Do you offer samples? Is it cost-free or additional?
A3: Yes, we can provide samples, and we will charge you dependent on sample processing. The sample payment can be refunded soon after positioning an order in batches.

Q4: Do you supply layout drawings service?
A4: We primarily customize in accordance to the drawings or samples offered by clients. For customers who never know a lot about drawing, we also   provide design and drawing companies. You need to provide samples or sketches.

Q5: What about drawing confidentiality?
A5: The processed samples and drawings are strictly confidential and will not be disclosed to any individual else.

Q6: How do you guarantee the top quality of your goods?
A6: We have established up multiple inspection procedures and can provide good quality inspection report before shipping and delivery. And we can also give samples for you to examination ahead of mass manufacturing.
 

US $3-15
/ Piece
|
100 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Material: Carbon Steel
Shaft Shape: Hollow Axis
Appearance Shape: Round
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Heat Treatment: Hardened and Tempered
Type of Manufacturing: OEM, ODM

###

Samples:
US$ 2/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

###

Customization:

###

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, Solid Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.

4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

###

Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2024, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

###

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.
US $3-15
/ Piece
|
100 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Material: Carbon Steel
Shaft Shape: Hollow Axis
Appearance Shape: Round
Tolerance: +/-0.005 – 0.01mm
Heat Treatment: Hardened and Tempered
Type of Manufacturing: OEM, ODM

###

Samples:
US$ 2/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

###

Customization:

###

Basic Info. of Our Customized CNC Machining Parts
Quotation According To Your Drawings or Samples. (Size, Material, Thickness, Processing Content And Required Technology, etc.)
Tolerance  +/-0.005 – 0.01mm (Customizable)
Surface Roughness Ra0.2 – Ra3.2 (Customizable)
Materials Available Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Stainless Steel, Titanium, Iron, Plastic, Acrylic, PE, PVC, ABS, POM, PTFE etc.
Surface Treatment Polishing, Surface Chamfering, Hardening and Tempering, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, zinc plating, Laser engraving, Sandblasting, Passivating, Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, etc.
Processing Hot/Cold forging, Heat treatment, CNC Turning, Milling, Drilling and Tapping, Surface Treatment, Laser Cutting, Stamping, Die Casting, Injection Molding, etc.
Testing Equipment Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM) / Vernier Caliper/ / Automatic Height Gauge /Hardness Tester /Surface Roughness Teste/Run-out Instrument/Optical Projector, Micrometer/ Salt spray testing machine
Drawing Formats PRO/E, Auto CAD, Solid Works , UG, CAD / CAM / CAE, PDF
Our Advantages 1.) 24 hours online service & quickly quote and delivery.
2.) 100% quality inspection (with Quality Inspection Report) before delivery. All our products are manufactured under ISO 9001:2015.
3.) A strong, professional and reliable technical team with 16+ years of manufacturing experience.

4.) We have stable supply chain partners, including raw material suppliers, bearing suppliers, forging plants, surface treatment plants, etc.
5.) We can provide customized assembly services for those customers who have assembly needs.

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Available Material
Stainless Steel    SS201,SS301, SS303, SS304, SS316, SS416, etc.
Steel    mild steel, Carbon steel, 4140, 4340, Q235, Q345B, 20#, 45#, etc.
Brass    HPb63, HPb62, HPb61, HPb59, H59, H62, H68, H80, etc.
Copper     C11000, C12000,C12000, C36000 etc.
Aluminum     A380, AL2024, AL6061, Al6063, AL6082, AL7075, AL5052, etc.
Iron     A36, 45#, 1213, 12L14, 1215 etc.
Plastic     ABS, PC, PE, POM, Delrin, Nylon, PP, PEI, Peek etc.
Others     Various types of Titanium alloy, Rubber, Bronze, etc.

###

Available Surface Treatment
Stainless Steel Polishing, Passivating, Sandblasting, Laser engraving, etc.
Steel Zinc plating, Oxide black, Nickel plating, Chrome plating, Carburized, Powder Coated, etc.
Aluminum parts Clear Anodized, Color Anodized, Sandblast Anodized, Chemical Film, Brushing, Polishing, etc.
Plastic Plating gold(ABS), Painting, Brushing(Acylic), Laser engraving, etc.

The Different Types of Splines in a Splined Shaft

A splined shaft is a machine component with internal and external splines. The splines are formed in four different ways: Involute, Parallel, Serrated, and Ball. You can learn more about each type of spline in this article. When choosing a splined shaft, be sure to choose the right one for your application. Read on to learn about the different types of splines and how they affect the shaft’s performance.
splineshaft

Involute splines

Involute splines in a splined shaft are used to secure and extend mechanical assemblies. They are smooth, inwardly curving grooves that resist separation during operation. A shaft with involute splines is often longer than the shaft itself. This feature allows for more axial movement. This is beneficial for many applications, especially in a gearbox.
The involute spline is a shaped spline, similar to a parallel spline. It is angled and consists of teeth that create a spiral pattern that enables linear and rotatory motion. It is distinguished from other splines by the serrations on its flanks. It also has a flat top. It is a good option for couplers and other applications where angular movement is necessary.
Involute splines are also called involute teeth because of their shape. They are flat on the top and curved on the sides. These teeth can be either internal or external. As a result, involute splines provide greater surface contact, which helps reduce stress and fatigue. Regardless of the shape, involute splines are generally easy to machine and fit.
Involute splines are a type of splines that are used in splined shafts. These splines have different names, depending on their diameters. An example set of designations is for a 32-tooth male spline, a 2,500-tooth module, and a 30 degree pressure angle. An example of a female spline, a fillet root spline, is used to describe the diameter of the splined shaft.
The effective tooth thickness of splines is dependent on the number of keyways and the type of spline. Involute splines in splined shafts should be designed to engage 25 to 50 percent of the spline teeth during the coupling. Involute splines should be able to withstand the load without cracking.

Parallel splines

Parallel splines are formed on a splined shaft by putting one or more teeth into another. The male spline is positioned at the center of the female spline. The teeth of the male spline are also parallel to the shaft axis, but a common misalignment causes the splines to roll and tilt. This is common in many industrial applications, and there are a number of ways to improve the performance of splines.
Typically, parallel splines are used to reduce friction in a rotating part. The splines on a splined shaft are narrower on the end face than the interior, which makes them more prone to wear. This type of spline is used in a variety of industries, such as machinery, and it also allows for greater efficiency when transmitting torque.
Involute splines on a splined shaft are the most common. They have equally spaced teeth, and are therefore less likely to crack due to fatigue. They also tend to be easy to cut and fit. However, they are not the best type of spline. It is important to understand the difference between parallel and involute splines before deciding on which spline to use.
The difference between splined and involute splines is the size of the grooves. Involute splines are generally larger than parallel splines. These types of splines provide more torque to the gear teeth and reduce stress during operation. They are also more durable and have a longer life span. And because they are used on farm machinery, they are essential in this type of application.
splineshaft

Serrated splines

A Serrated Splined Shaft has several advantages. This type of shaft is highly adjustable. Its large number of teeth allows large torques, and its shorter tooth width allows for greater adjustment. These features make this type of shaft an ideal choice for applications where accuracy is critical. Listed below are some of the benefits of this type of shaft. These benefits are just a few of the advantages. Learn more about this type of shaft.
The process of hobbing is inexpensive and highly accurate. It is useful for external spline shafts, but is not suitable for internal splines. This type of process forms synchronized shapes on the shaft, reducing the manufacturing cycle and stabilizing the relative phase between spline and thread. It uses a grinding wheel to shape the shaft. CZPT Manufacturing has a large inventory of Serrated Splined Shafts.
The teeth of a Serrated Splined Shaft are designed to engage with the hub over the entire circumference of the shaft. The teeth of the shaft are spaced uniformly around the spline, creating a multiple-tooth point of contact over the entire length of the shaft. The results of these analyses are usually satisfactory. But there are some limitations. To begin with, the splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft should be chosen carefully. If the application requires large-scale analysis, it may be necessary to modify the design.
The splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft are also used for other purposes. They can be used to transmit torque to another device. They also act as an anti-rotational device and function as a linear guide. Both the design and the type of splines determine the function of the Splined Shaft. In the automobile industry, they are used in vehicles, aerospace, earth-moving machinery, and many other industries.

Ball splines

The invention relates to a ball-spinned shaft. The shaft comprises a plurality of balls that are arranged in a series and are operatively coupled to a load path section. The balls are capable of rolling endlessly along the path. This invention also relates to a ball bearing. Here, a ball bearing is one of the many types of gears. The following discussion describes the features of a ball bearing.
A ball-splined shaft assembly comprises a shaft with at least one ball-spline groove and a plurality of circumferential step grooves. The shaft is held in a first holding means that extends longitudinally and is rotatably held by a second holding means. Both the shaft and the first holding means are driven relative to one another by a first driving means. It is possible to manufacture a ball-splined shaft in a variety of ways.
A ball-splined shaft features a nut with recirculating balls. The ball-splined nut rides in these grooves to provide linear motion while preventing rotation. A splined shaft with a nut that has recirculating balls can also provide rotary motion. A ball splined shaft also has higher load capacities than a ball bushing. For these reasons, ball splines are an excellent choice for many applications.
In this invention, a pair of ball-spinned shafts are housed in a box under a carrier device 40. Each of the two shafts extends along a longitudinal line of arm 50. One end of each shaft is supported rotatably by a slide block 56. The slide block also has a support arm 58 that supports the center arm 50 in a cantilever fashion.
splineshaft

Sector no-go gage

A no-go gauge is a tool that checks the splined shaft for oversize. It is an effective way to determine the oversize condition of a splined shaft without removing the shaft. It measures external splines and serrations. The no-go gage is available in sizes ranging from 19mm to 130mm with a 25mm profile length.
The sector no-go gage has two groups of diametrally opposed teeth. The space between them is manufactured to a maximum space width and the tooth thickness must be within a predetermined tolerance. This gage would be out of tolerance if the splines were measured with a pin. The dimensions of this splined shaft can be found in the respective ANSI or DIN standards.
The go-no-go gage is useful for final inspection of thread pitch diameter. It is also useful for splined shafts and threaded nuts. The thread of a screw must match the contour of the go-no-go gage head to avoid a no-go condition. There is no substitute for a quality machine. It is an essential tool for any splined shaft and fastener manufacturer.
The NO-GO gage can detect changes in tooth thickness. It can be calibrated under ISO17025 standards and has many advantages over a non-go gage. It also gives a visual reference of the thickness of a splined shaft. When the teeth match, the shaft is considered ready for installation. It is a critical process. In some cases, it is impossible to determine the precise length of the shaft spline.
The 45-degree pressure angle is most commonly used for axles and torque-delivering members. This pressure angle is the most economical in terms of tool life, but the splines will not roll neatly like a 30 degree angle. The 45-degree spline is more likely to fall off larger than the other two. Oftentimes, it will also have a crowned look. The 37.5 degree pressure angle is a compromise between the other two pressure angles. It is often used when the splined shaft material is harder than usual.

China Custom Precision Long Knurled Grooved Tube Drive Shafts Linear Rod Rail Shaft Aluminum Transmission Axle Hollow Spline Shaft     drive shaft coupler	China Custom Precision Long Knurled Grooved Tube Drive Shafts Linear Rod Rail Shaft Aluminum Transmission Axle Hollow Spline Shaft     drive shaft coupler
editor by czh 2022-12-30

China China Factory Price High Precision CNC Machining Aluminum Stainless Steel Pillar Spline Shafts drive shaft electric motor

Product Description

Product Description:
Aluminum CNC Pillar:
(1).Material: Aluminum/Stainless steel
(2).Surface Finished: Anodize &Sandblasting/ Polish
(3).Process: CNC Milling and Turning
(4).Tolerance: ±0.02mm

Parts Information

Product Name China Factory Price High Precision CNC Machining Aluminum Stainless steel Pillar Spline Shafts
Applicable Material Alunimum/stainless steel/titanium/brass/copper/POM/Telfon/PEEK  etc.
Surface finish Machine finish/anodized/ beadblasting/Plating/Polish/brush/heat treatment/Brushed/Zinc plating/Nickel Plating/PVD etc
Payment Terms 50% deposit before production and 50% balance before arranging to ship
High Tolerance ± 0.02mm or accoriding to your requirment
Quality control Checking is during production process, after surface and before packing
Lead time  10-15 days for sample,15-25 days for bulk order depends on your design
Package Standard package/ Pallet or container/ as per customized specifications
Shipment Express & air freight is preferred / sea freight/ as per customized specifications

Our Business: 

1.CNC Turning Part 2.CNC Milling Parts
3.Camera head ball/Filter Ring/Stripod 4.Metal Pen body
5.Aluminum Extrusion Mold 6.Punch/Stamping/Welding/Forging/Bending
7.Medical Aluminum parts 8. Injection molding
9.Decorate Car part 10. Aluminum housing
11.Stainless steel/Aluminum shaft 12.LED Aluminum parts
13. Hard/Normal anodizing 14.Laser engraving

  
Company Information:
LCH was found in 2003, with a total investment of $1.5 million, over 4,500 square meters, equipped with the most advanced high precision 5Axis Precision Automatic Lather machine (8 sets), CNC Milling machine (23sets), CNC Turning machine (26sets),CNC machining center, automatic lathe and various kinds of secondary processing equipment more than 80 sets.

1. Work Shop:

2. Products We made:

                             We can custom the parts for you according to your drawing or samples

3. Quality Control

4. Package

5. Clients and comments

What can we do for you?
1. Professional, Competitive price and Fast delivery time
We engaged in this area for almost 11yeas, experience engineer can help you process the project well and perfect, also we own our factory that we can control the cost and delivery time very well. We can try best to meet your request.
2. Protect our customer profit well
Even we have very strictly quality control system, but we still can`t promise every part you received will 100% perfect, so if there is any defective parts you received, you just need to offer us the evidence(such as picture),we will check and confirm it. After that, we will repair or redo them.
Because of our strictly quality control system, we have confidence to promise our customer with this. Please kindly noted that it`s our advantage compared with others, we realize that only the high quality and good service can we keep friendly and long-term business relationship with our customer and it`s also the only way for an enterprise to be existed…
  
FAQ:

1.    Can you sent the product drawing to me? 
Pictures on website was just for reference, More correct information and some special requirements, 
Please kindly contact us.
2. Can you make OEM order?
Yes, OEM/ODM orders are welcome. You are warmly welcome to send the your designs to us, We will offer you reasonable prices with high quality
Please provide us the drawings or please tell us the detailed information what you need, we can copy the parts according to your information.
3. What kind of files do you accept?
PDF, DXF, ISG, STEP, X-T, High Resolution IPJ.
4. How long can I expect to get the sample? 
Samples will be ready for delivery in 5-15 days after we confirmed the shop drawings, The samples will be sent to you via express and arrive in 3-5 days.
 5. What about the lead time for mass production? 
Honestly, normally it is 15-30 days, and it depends on the order quantity and the season you place the order.  Generally speaking, (if you project is urgent, we can help you short it), we suggest that you start inquiry 1 months before the date you would like to get the products at your country. 
6. What are your terms of delivery? 
We accept EXW, FOB, CNF, etc. You can choose the most convenient one. Regarding to the shipping cost, if you have your own express account that will be welcome.

 
 

Application: Fastener, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, EN, API650, ASME
Surface Treatment: Anodizing
Production Type: Mass Production
Machining Method: CNC Turning
Material: Nylon, Steel, Plastic, Brass, Alloy, Copper, Aluminum, Iron, Titanium

###

Samples:
US$ 58/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

###

Customization:

###

Product Name China Factory Price High Precision CNC Machining Aluminum Stainless steel Pillar Spline Shafts
Applicable Material Alunimum/stainless steel/titanium/brass/copper/POM/Telfon/PEEK  etc.
Surface finish Machine finish/anodized/ beadblasting/Plating/Polish/brush/heat treatment/Brushed/Zinc plating/Nickel Plating/PVD etc
Payment Terms 50% deposit before production and 50% balance before arranging to ship
High Tolerance ± 0.02mm or accoriding to your requirment
Quality control Checking is during production process, after surface and before packing
Lead time  10-15 days for sample,15-25 days for bulk order depends on your design
Package Standard package/ Pallet or container/ as per customized specifications
Shipment Express & air freight is preferred / sea freight/ as per customized specifications

###

1.CNC Turning Part 2.CNC Milling Parts
3.Camera head ball/Filter Ring/Stripod 4.Metal Pen body
5.Aluminum Extrusion Mold 6.Punch/Stamping/Welding/Forging/Bending
7.Medical Aluminum parts 8. Injection molding
9.Decorate Car part 10. Aluminum housing
11.Stainless steel/Aluminum shaft 12.LED Aluminum parts
13. Hard/Normal anodizing 14.Laser engraving

###

1.    Can you sent the product drawing to me? 
Pictures on website was just for reference, More correct information and some special requirements, 
Please kindly contact us.
2. Can you make OEM order?
Yes, OEM/ODM orders are welcome. You are warmly welcome to send the your designs to us, We will offer you reasonable prices with high quality
Please provide us the drawings or please tell us the detailed information what you need, we can copy the parts according to your information.
3. What kind of files do you accept?
PDF, DXF, ISG, STEP, X-T, High Resolution IPJ.
4. How long can I expect to get the sample? 
Samples will be ready for delivery in 5-15 days after we confirmed the shop drawings, The samples will be sent to you via express and arrive in 3-5 days.
 5. What about the lead time for mass production? 
Honestly, normally it is 15-30 days, and it depends on the order quantity and the season you place the order.  Generally speaking, (if you project is urgent, we can help you short it), we suggest that you start inquiry one months before the date you would like to get the products at your country. 
6. What are your terms of delivery? 
We accept EXW, FOB, CNF, etc. You can choose the most convenient one. Regarding to the shipping cost, if you have your own express account that will be welcome.
Application: Fastener, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, EN, API650, ASME
Surface Treatment: Anodizing
Production Type: Mass Production
Machining Method: CNC Turning
Material: Nylon, Steel, Plastic, Brass, Alloy, Copper, Aluminum, Iron, Titanium

###

Samples:
US$ 58/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

###

Customization:

###

Product Name China Factory Price High Precision CNC Machining Aluminum Stainless steel Pillar Spline Shafts
Applicable Material Alunimum/stainless steel/titanium/brass/copper/POM/Telfon/PEEK  etc.
Surface finish Machine finish/anodized/ beadblasting/Plating/Polish/brush/heat treatment/Brushed/Zinc plating/Nickel Plating/PVD etc
Payment Terms 50% deposit before production and 50% balance before arranging to ship
High Tolerance ± 0.02mm or accoriding to your requirment
Quality control Checking is during production process, after surface and before packing
Lead time  10-15 days for sample,15-25 days for bulk order depends on your design
Package Standard package/ Pallet or container/ as per customized specifications
Shipment Express & air freight is preferred / sea freight/ as per customized specifications

###

1.CNC Turning Part 2.CNC Milling Parts
3.Camera head ball/Filter Ring/Stripod 4.Metal Pen body
5.Aluminum Extrusion Mold 6.Punch/Stamping/Welding/Forging/Bending
7.Medical Aluminum parts 8. Injection molding
9.Decorate Car part 10. Aluminum housing
11.Stainless steel/Aluminum shaft 12.LED Aluminum parts
13. Hard/Normal anodizing 14.Laser engraving

###

1.    Can you sent the product drawing to me? 
Pictures on website was just for reference, More correct information and some special requirements, 
Please kindly contact us.
2. Can you make OEM order?
Yes, OEM/ODM orders are welcome. You are warmly welcome to send the your designs to us, We will offer you reasonable prices with high quality
Please provide us the drawings or please tell us the detailed information what you need, we can copy the parts according to your information.
3. What kind of files do you accept?
PDF, DXF, ISG, STEP, X-T, High Resolution IPJ.
4. How long can I expect to get the sample? 
Samples will be ready for delivery in 5-15 days after we confirmed the shop drawings, The samples will be sent to you via express and arrive in 3-5 days.
 5. What about the lead time for mass production? 
Honestly, normally it is 15-30 days, and it depends on the order quantity and the season you place the order.  Generally speaking, (if you project is urgent, we can help you short it), we suggest that you start inquiry one months before the date you would like to get the products at your country. 
6. What are your terms of delivery? 
We accept EXW, FOB, CNF, etc. You can choose the most convenient one. Regarding to the shipping cost, if you have your own express account that will be welcome.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China China Factory Price High Precision CNC Machining Aluminum Stainless Steel Pillar Spline Shafts     drive shaft electric motor	China China Factory Price High Precision CNC Machining Aluminum Stainless Steel Pillar Spline Shafts     drive shaft electric motor
editor by czh 2022-11-24

China Professional manufacturer Light Weight differential aluminum building material air shaft for industrial drive shaft ends

Condition: New
Warranty: 1 Year
Applicable Industries: Building Material Shops, Manufacturing Plant, Machinery Repair Shops, Retail, Printing Shops, Advertising Company, Other
Weight (KG): 20, 20
Showroom Location: None
Video outgoing-inspection: Not Available
Machinery Test Report: Not Available
Marketing Type: Hot Product 2019
Warranty of core components: 1 Year
Core Components: other, Bearing
Structure: Spline, Spline
Material: steel / aluminum, steel / aluminum
Coatings: Black Oxide, Black Oxide
Torque Capacity: 1000mn
Model Number: VODF-L3
Product name: Air Shaft
Color: Silver white
Working Principle: Air compress
feature: all specification can be customized
Packaging Details: wooden box
Port: HangZhou

Products Description Specification

Body materialsteel / aluminum
Torque Capacity1000mn
Specification1-12 Inch
Weight20kg
ColorSilver white
Working PrincipleAir compress
ProcessCNC Turning
StructureSpline
CoatingsBlack Oxide
Quality100% Inspection
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The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are two common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are two basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are three types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of two different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

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Condition: New
Warranty: 3 months
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Weight (KG): 1
Showroom Location: None
Video outgoing-inspection: Provided
Machinery Test Report: Provided
Marketing Type: Hot Product 2571
Warranty of core components: 3 months
Core Components: shaft
Structure: Custom
Material: Aluminum/Steel Alloy, Stainless Steel,etc
Coatings: Black Oxide/Nickel
Torque Capacity: Custom
Model Number: spline shaft
Product name: spline shaft
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Accuracy: ±0.001mm-±0.005mm
Surface treatment: Anodized/Polished/Grinding/Engraving etc.
MOQ: 500pcs
Quality: 100% Inspection
Size: Customer’s Drawing Required
Service: Custom OEM
Packaging Details: PP bag, Foam tray, Carton, Wooden Case, Custom etc.
Port: ShenZhen

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The Different Types of Splines in a Splined Shaft

A splined shaft is a machine component with internal and external splines. The splines are formed in four different ways: Involute, Parallel, Serrated, and Ball. You can learn more about each type of spline in this article. When choosing a splined shaft, be sure to choose the right one for your application. Read on to learn about the different types of splines and how they affect the shaft’s performance.
splineshaft

Involute splines

Involute splines in a splined shaft are used to secure and extend mechanical assemblies. They are smooth, inwardly curving grooves that resist separation during operation. A shaft with involute splines is often longer than the shaft itself. This feature allows for more axial movement. This is beneficial for many applications, especially in a gearbox.
The involute spline is a shaped spline, similar to a parallel spline. It is angled and consists of teeth that create a spiral pattern that enables linear and rotatory motion. It is distinguished from other splines by the serrations on its flanks. It also has a flat top. It is a good option for couplers and other applications where angular movement is necessary.
Involute splines are also called involute teeth because of their shape. They are flat on the top and curved on the sides. These teeth can be either internal or external. As a result, involute splines provide greater surface contact, which helps reduce stress and fatigue. Regardless of the shape, involute splines are generally easy to machine and fit.
Involute splines are a type of splines that are used in splined shafts. These splines have different names, depending on their diameters. An example set of designations is for a 32-tooth male spline, a 2,500-tooth module, and a 30 degree pressure angle. An example of a female spline, a fillet root spline, is used to describe the diameter of the splined shaft.
The effective tooth thickness of splines is dependent on the number of keyways and the type of spline. Involute splines in splined shafts should be designed to engage 25 to 50 percent of the spline teeth during the coupling. Involute splines should be able to withstand the load without cracking.

Parallel splines

Parallel splines are formed on a splined shaft by putting one or more teeth into another. The male spline is positioned at the center of the female spline. The teeth of the male spline are also parallel to the shaft axis, but a common misalignment causes the splines to roll and tilt. This is common in many industrial applications, and there are a number of ways to improve the performance of splines.
Typically, parallel splines are used to reduce friction in a rotating part. The splines on a splined shaft are narrower on the end face than the interior, which makes them more prone to wear. This type of spline is used in a variety of industries, such as machinery, and it also allows for greater efficiency when transmitting torque.
Involute splines on a splined shaft are the most common. They have equally spaced teeth, and are therefore less likely to crack due to fatigue. They also tend to be easy to cut and fit. However, they are not the best type of spline. It is important to understand the difference between parallel and involute splines before deciding on which spline to use.
The difference between splined and involute splines is the size of the grooves. Involute splines are generally larger than parallel splines. These types of splines provide more torque to the gear teeth and reduce stress during operation. They are also more durable and have a longer life span. And because they are used on farm machinery, they are essential in this type of application.
splineshaft

Serrated splines

A Serrated Splined Shaft has several advantages. This type of shaft is highly adjustable. Its large number of teeth allows large torques, and its shorter tooth width allows for greater adjustment. These features make this type of shaft an ideal choice for applications where accuracy is critical. Listed below are some of the benefits of this type of shaft. These benefits are just a few of the advantages. Learn more about this type of shaft.
The process of hobbing is inexpensive and highly accurate. It is useful for external spline shafts, but is not suitable for internal splines. This type of process forms synchronized shapes on the shaft, reducing the manufacturing cycle and stabilizing the relative phase between spline and thread. It uses a grinding wheel to shape the shaft. CZPT Manufacturing has a large inventory of Serrated Splined Shafts.
The teeth of a Serrated Splined Shaft are designed to engage with the hub over the entire circumference of the shaft. The teeth of the shaft are spaced uniformly around the spline, creating a multiple-tooth point of contact over the entire length of the shaft. The results of these analyses are usually satisfactory. But there are some limitations. To begin with, the splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft should be chosen carefully. If the application requires large-scale analysis, it may be necessary to modify the design.
The splines of the Serrated Splined Shaft are also used for other purposes. They can be used to transmit torque to another device. They also act as an anti-rotational device and function as a linear guide. Both the design and the type of splines determine the function of the Splined Shaft. In the automobile industry, they are used in vehicles, aerospace, earth-moving machinery, and many other industries.

Ball splines

The invention relates to a ball-spinned shaft. The shaft comprises a plurality of balls that are arranged in a series and are operatively coupled to a load path section. The balls are capable of rolling endlessly along the path. This invention also relates to a ball bearing. Here, a ball bearing is one of the many types of gears. The following discussion describes the features of a ball bearing.
A ball-splined shaft assembly comprises a shaft with at least one ball-spline groove and a plurality of circumferential step grooves. The shaft is held in a first holding means that extends longitudinally and is rotatably held by a second holding means. Both the shaft and the first holding means are driven relative to one another by a first driving means. It is possible to manufacture a ball-splined shaft in a variety of ways.
A ball-splined shaft features a nut with recirculating balls. The ball-splined nut rides in these grooves to provide linear motion while preventing rotation. A splined shaft with a nut that has recirculating balls can also provide rotary motion. A ball splined shaft also has higher load capacities than a ball bushing. For these reasons, ball splines are an excellent choice for many applications.
In this invention, a pair of ball-spinned shafts are housed in a box under a carrier device 40. Each of the two shafts extends along a longitudinal line of arm 50. One end of each shaft is supported rotatably by a slide block 56. The slide block also has a support arm 58 that supports the center arm 50 in a cantilever fashion.
splineshaft

Sector no-go gage

A no-go gauge is a tool that checks the splined shaft for oversize. It is an effective way to determine the oversize condition of a splined shaft without removing the shaft. It measures external splines and serrations. The no-go gage is available in sizes ranging from 19mm to 130mm with a 25mm profile length.
The sector no-go gage has two groups of diametrally opposed teeth. The space between them is manufactured to a maximum space width and the tooth thickness must be within a predetermined tolerance. This gage would be out of tolerance if the splines were measured with a pin. The dimensions of this splined shaft can be found in the respective ANSI or DIN standards.
The go-no-go gage is useful for final inspection of thread pitch diameter. It is also useful for splined shafts and threaded nuts. The thread of a screw must match the contour of the go-no-go gage head to avoid a no-go condition. There is no substitute for a quality machine. It is an essential tool for any splined shaft and fastener manufacturer.
The NO-GO gage can detect changes in tooth thickness. It can be calibrated under ISO17025 standards and has many advantages over a non-go gage. It also gives a visual reference of the thickness of a splined shaft. When the teeth match, the shaft is considered ready for installation. It is a critical process. In some cases, it is impossible to determine the precise length of the shaft spline.
The 45-degree pressure angle is most commonly used for axles and torque-delivering members. This pressure angle is the most economical in terms of tool life, but the splines will not roll neatly like a 30 degree angle. The 45-degree spline is more likely to fall off larger than the other two. Oftentimes, it will also have a crowned look. The 37.5 degree pressure angle is a compromise between the other two pressure angles. It is often used when the splined shaft material is harder than usual.

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China Standard Shaft, Pump Shaft, Motor Axle, Motor Axis 12mm Aluminum Spline Shaft near me factory

Product Description

 

Product Description

Business type Factory/manufacturer

Service

CNC machining
Turning and milling
CNC turning
OEM parts

Material

(1) Aluminum:AL 6061-T6,6063,7075-T
(2)Stainless steel:303,304,316L,17-4(SUS630)
(3)Steel:4140,Q235,Q345B,20#,45#
(4)Titanium:TA1,TA2/GR2,TA4/GR5,TC4,TC18
(5)Brass:C36000(HPb62),C37700(HPb59),C26800(H68)
(6)Copper, bronze, magnesium alloy, Delan, POM, acrylic, PC, etc.
Service OEM/ODM avaliable

Finish

Sandblasting, anodizing, Blackenning, zinc/Nickl plating, Poland
Powder coating, passivation PVD plating titanium, electrogalvanization
Chrome plating, electrophoresis, QPQ
Electrochemical polishing, chrome plating, knurling, laser etching Logo
Major equipment CNC machining center (milling machine), CNC lathe, grinding machine
Cylindrical grinding machine, drilling machine, laser cutting machine
Graphic format STEP, STP, GIS, CAD, PDF, DWG, DXF and other samples
Tolerance +/-0.003mm
Surface roughness Ra0.1~3.2
Inspection Complete testing laboratory with micrometer, optical comparator, caliper vernier, CMM
Depth caliper vernier, universal protractor, clock gauge, internal Celsius gauge

Detailed Photos

Product Parameters

MATERIAL AVAILABLE
Aluminum Stainless Steel Brass Copper Plastic Iron
AL2571 SS201 C22000 C15710 POM Q235
ALA380 SS301 C24000 C11000 PEEK Q345B
AL5052 SS303 C26000 C12000 PVC 1214 / 1215
AL6061 SS304 C28000 C12200 ABS 45#
AL6063 SS316 C35600 etc. Nylon 20#
AL6082 SS416 C36000   PP 4140 / 4130
AL7075 etc. C37000   Delrin 12L14
etc.   etc.   etc. etc.
SURFACE TREATMENT
Aluminum Parts Stainless Steel Parts Steel Parts Brass Parts
Clear Anodized Polishing Zinc Plating Nickel Plating
Color Anodized Passivating Oxide black chrome plating
Sandblast Anodized Sandblasting Nickel Plating Electrophoresis black
Chemical Film Laser engraving Powder Coated Powder coated
Brushing Electrophoresis black Heat treatment Gold plating
Polishing Oxide black Chrome Plating etc.
Chroming etc etc  
etc      
TOLERANCE
The smallest tolerance can reach +/-0.001mm or as per drawing request.
DRAWING FORMAT
PFD Step Igs CAD Solid etc

Packaging & Shipping

Company Profile

HangZhou Shinemotor Co.,Ltd located in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province of China.
Mainly specializes in developing, manufacturing and selling all kinds of customized metal and plastic parts.

Our factory pass SGS, ISO9001/ ISO9001/ ISO14001 verification, parts can be widely used in the fields of automobile,
medical instruments, electronic communications, industrial and consumer applications and so on.

We have introduced a series of advanced and high performance production equipment imported from Japan and ZheJiang :
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Our inspection equipment includes: projector, 2D, 2.5D, CMM, hardness testing machine, tool microscope, etc.

We dedicated to developing and producing kinds of brass, aluminum, steel, stainless steel
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How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Standard Shaft, Pump Shaft, Motor Axle, Motor Axis 12mm Aluminum Spline Shaft     near me factory China Standard Shaft, Pump Shaft, Motor Axle, Motor Axis 12mm Aluminum Spline Shaft     near me factory

China best Aluminum Pinion Gear Shaft Made by CNC Machining Milling Turning Lathe Drilling Spline Shaft Adapter with Great quality

Product Description

Aluminum Pinion Gear Shaft Made By CNC Machining Milling Turning Lathe Drilling Spline shaft adapter

Product Description

Main Features:
Gear Shaft
1. Produce strictly in accordance with ANSI or DIN standard dimension
2. Material: 1045 Carbon Steel
3. Bore: Finished bore
4. Module: 1~3

Product name Helical Spur Gear
Materials Available 1045 Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel
BORE Finished bore, Pilot Bore, Special request
Processing Method Molding, Shaving, Hobbing, Drilling, Tapping, Reaming, Manual Chamfering, Grinding etc
Pressure Angle 20 Degree
Hardness 45~ 55HRC
Size Customer Drawings & ISO standard
Package Wooden Case/Container and pallet, or made-to-order
Certificate ISO9001:2008

Specifction:

Number Number of Teeth Shaft Bore Dia. AH7 (1mm Increment) Twisting Direction B C D E F G
Type Module Straight Bore Straight Bore+Tap Keyway+Tap
Straight Bore

Straight Bore+Tap

Keyway+Tap
 

1.0 20 6 8 L(Left)

R(Right)

17 20 22 8 10 18
22~ 28 8 8~13 18~20 22~28 24~30
30~48 10 10~17 25~30 30~48 32~50
50~70 12 12~17 35~40 50~70 52~72
80~100 15 15~30 50 80~100 82~102
1.5 20~26 12 12~17 24~32 30~39 33~42 12 12 24
28~44 15 15~30 36~50 42~67.5 45~70.5
45~52 18 18~40 50~60 72~78 75~81
60~100 20 20-50 60~70 90~150 93·153
2.0 15~18 12 12~17 24~30 30~36 34~40 16 13 29
20~28 15 15·22 32~45 40~56 44~60
30~36 18 18~40 50 60~72 64~76
40~48 20 20~44 60 80~96 84~100
50~100 25 25~60 60~100 100~200 104~204
2.5 15~18 15 15~30 30~38 37.5~45 42.5~50 20 14 34
20~24 18 18~40 40~48 50~60 55~65
25~36 20 20~50 50~70 62.5~90 67.5~95
40~60 25 25~70 70~80 90~150 95~155
3.0 15~18 18 18~22 36~40 45~54 51~60 25 16 4

Pulley Production Workshop and Application:

Applications Toy, Automotive, instrument, electrical equipment, household appliances, furniture, mechanical equipment,daily living equipment, electronic sports equipment, , sanitation machinery, market/ hotel equipment supplies, etc.

Production process:
Molding Cutting, Gear Hobbing, Gear Milling, Gear Shaping, Gear Broaching,Gear Shaving, Gear Grinding and Gear Lapping.
Related Products:

Company Profile

HangZhou CZPT Machinery Co.,LTD established in 2009, is a professional manufacture engaged in development, production, sales and service of timing pulley, precise spur gears, helical gears, bevel gear, worm& worm gear and so on. We located in HangZhou with convenient transposition excite. CZPT Machinery dedicated to strict quality control and thoughtful customer service. Our experienced staffs are always available to discuss your requirements, and fulfill your satisfaction.

Inspection:
Hefa Gear Machinery dedicated to strict quality control.” Focus and Professional on the Development of Conveyor Field”  this is CZPT Machinery target. Work step by step, CZPT always provide success solution in precise conveyor field. Offering best price, super service and regular delivery are always our priorities.

Packaging & Shipping

Packaging Polyethylene bag or oil paper for each item;
Pile on carton or as customer’s demand
Delivery of Samples By DHL, Fedex, UPS,  TNT, EMS
Lead time 10-15 working days as usual, 30days in busy season, it will based on the detailed order quantity.

FAQ

Main Markets? North America, South America, Eastern Europe , West Europe , North Europe, South Europe, Asia
How to order? * You send us drawing or sample
* We carry through project assessment
* We give you our design for your confirmation
* We make the sample and send it to you after you confirmed our design
* You confirm the sample then place an order and pay us 30% deposit
* We start producing
* When the goods is done, you pay us the balance after you confirmed pictures or tracking numbers.
* Trade is done, thank you!!

 

If you are interested in our products, please tell us which materials, type, width, length u want.

The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
splineshaft

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
splineshaft

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
splineshaft

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

China best Aluminum Pinion Gear Shaft Made by CNC Machining Milling Turning Lathe Drilling Spline Shaft Adapter     with Great qualityChina best Aluminum Pinion Gear Shaft Made by CNC Machining Milling Turning Lathe Drilling Spline Shaft Adapter     with Great quality